We all heard about E-waste recycling, but before we have to know – E-waste is electronic waste from all the scrap electronic items such as refrigerators, televisions, air conditioners, computers, laptops, mobile phones etc. But the concern is that when damaged and unused e-wastes are stored in bulk and if they are not disposed of properly they release a toxic substance such as Lead, Cadmium, Mercury, Phosphor etc. in the environment which is very hazardous and harmful for everyone including nature too. In simple terms, recycling is reprocessing and reusing electronic wastes and also recovering material from electronic waste to form new electronic products or any products that use these e-wastes.
We can discuss some components and materials that can be recycled-
- Plastic- It is one of the most commonly found scraps, and it is used in various products that use such as toys, plastic bags, bottles, and much more items plastic can be reused to make new products.
- Metals- In electronic items, so many metals are used such as copper, aluminium, iron etc. so from e-scraps these metals can be retrieved and recycled for other new products that use metals.
- Glass- To extract glass is one of the toughest tasks from televisions and computer screens because they have CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) and contain the most severe and various types of hazardous substances which is lethal to all living beings and nature too. So it takes a long process to take out glass from CRTs and recycling of these glasses for the manufacturing of new screens.
- Mercury- As we know that mercury is one of the most dangerous materials on the earth and can’t be handled by any person normally, so these mercury-filled e-waste products are sent to recycling facilities to eliminate mercury.